The Monaco Grand Prix is a speed motorsport race held annually with single-seaters on the Monaco circuit of the principality of Monaco. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious Formula 1 Grand Prix. The founder of this circuit was Antony Noghès, and despite the fact that it was completed in 1920, it was not until 1929 that the first race was run. The 1933 edition of the race was the first Grand Prix in motorsport history in which the starting grid was determined based on lap times set in practice sessions, rather than by drawing lots.
The Monaco Grand Prix was traditionally held on Ascension Day, which is generally in May. However, since 2001 the Grand Prix has always been held on the last Sunday in May, for advertising, commercial and logistical reasons, regardless of the Christian festival calendar. The Monaco circuit has a lot of ups and downs, short straights, hairpin turns and narrow tracks, making it a very strenuous circuit for drivers and vehicles. It is also one of the most dangerous among those currently used in Formula 1. On the other hand, it is one of the most followed by viewers on television.
The Monaco Grand Prix was part of the first Formula 1 World Championship since May 21, 1950, the year this automobile award was created, won by Juan Manuel Fangio with an Alfa Romeo. Since 1955 this award has been contested every year until 2019. Alongside the Formula 1 date, exhibition races are held, for example of historical cars, and minor championships. Formula Junior raced in Monaco in 1950 and from 1959 to 1963. Between 1964 and 1997 a Formula 3 race was held, which served as a meeting point for the pilots of the different national Formula 3 championships. The International Formula 3000 took its took place in 1998 and gave way in 2005 to its successor, Formula 2. The Formula 3 Euroseries raced in Monaco for the only time in 2005, and the World Series by Renault has done so since that same year.
The Monaco Grand Prix is the only one on the Formula 1 calendar that does not exceed 305 km in total Grand Prix distance, due to a special clause that the FIA has approved for Monaco. Only 78 laps are disputed, with a total distance of 260 km, since if it were disputed with the minimum of 305 km, a total of 92 laps would have to be completed, and an average speed of 155 km / h would give very high material time of complete them all due to the extreme slowness of the circuit.
Today this is one of the most famous and prestigious Formula 1 circuits. Among the most famous of this scenario is the Loews curve, which is located in front of the luxurious Fairmont hotel, which is the slowest of the entire circuit, to later reach the tunnel that passes under the Loews hotel.